Cotton: Seeding, processing, bagging and selling:
The small, sticky seeds must be separated from the wool to
process the cotton for spinning and weaving. De-seeded cotton
is cleaned, carded (fibers aligned), spun, and woven into
a fabric that is also referred to as cotton.
Cotton fabric alone accounts for fully half of the fiber
worn in the world. Cotton is easily spun into yarn as the
cotton fibers flatten, twist, and naturally interlock for
spinning. It is a comfortable choice for warm climates in
that it easily absorbs skin moisture.
Most of the cotton cultivated in the United States is a short-
staple cotton that grows in the American South. Cotton is planted
annually by using the seeds found within the downy wool.
Raw Materials: The materials required
to take cotton bolls to spun cotton include cotton seeds for planting;
pesticides, such as insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides, to battle disease
and harmful insects; and fertilizers to enrich the soil.
The Production Process: Mechanical cultivators rip out weeds
and grass that may compete with the cotton for soil nutrients,
sunlight, and water and may attract pests that harm cotton.
Land is plowed under and soil is broken up and formed into rows.
Cotton seed is mechanically planted by machines that plant up to
12 rows at a time. The planter opens a small furrow in each row,
drops in seed, covers them, and then packs more dirt on top.
Seed may be deposited in either small clumps (referred to as
hill-dropped) or singularly (called drilled). The seed is placed
0.75 to 1.25 in (1.9 to 3.2 cm) deep, depending on the climate.
The seed must be placed more shallowly in dusty, cool areas
of the Cotton Belt, and more deeply in warmer areas.
Good soil moisture and warm temperature at planting,
seedlings usually emerge five to seven days after planting,
with a full stand of cotton appearing after 11 days.
Occasionally disease sets in, delaying the seedlings'
appearance, a soil crust may prevent seedlings from
surfacing, the crust must be carefully broken by machines
or irrigation to permit the plants to emerge.
Six weeks after seedlings appear, "squares," or flower buds,
begin to form. The buds mature for 3 weeks and then blossom
into creamy yellow flowers, which turn pink, then red, and
then fall off just three days after blossoming.
After the flower falls away, a tiny ovary is left on the
cotton plant. This ovary ripens and enlarges into a green
pod called a cotton boll.
The boll matures in a period that ranges from 60 to 80 days.
During this time, the football-shaped boll grows and moist
fibers push the newly formed seeds outward. As the boll ripens,
it remains green.
Fibers continue to expand under the warm sun, with each fiber
growing to its full length—about 2.5 in (6.4 cm)—
during three weeks.
For six weeks, the fibers get thicker and layers of cellulose
build up the cell walls. Ten weeks after flowers first appeared,
fibers split the boll apart, and cream-colored cotton pushes forth.
The moist fibers dry in the sun and the fibers collapse and twist
together, looking like ribbon. Each boll contains three to five
"cells," each having about seven seeds embedded in the fiber.
After bagging, you can sell to nearer to your market yards.
Nowadays by mobile communications get the complete information
about market prices and then sell it.
Wishing you all the best,