Biscuit Making | Small Business: Article: Page 212
Biscuit Making | Small Business:
Biscuit making is a conventional activity and an entrepreneur
can initiate this business with low startup capital also.
Market Opportunity: Biscuit market is all about effective
decision-making, and strategic planning as to how to sell,
what kind packaging should be done, what will be the pricing
Due to its innovative packaging, new flavors, tastes, shapes,
new technologies, and rising health consciousness among consumers.
Registration: In starting biscuit making business first
you will need to determine the ownership pattern and
register the firm accordingly with Register Of Companies.
You need to obtain Trade License from the local authority.
Apply for Vat Registration. You have to take an FSSAI license.
Register your business with local DIC office. It is advisable
to take No Objection from Pollution Control Board. The BIS has
specified quality standards vide IS 1011:1992. Compliance with
PFA Act is necessary.
Raw Material: The basic raw material for biscuits is wheat
flour. The requirement will not be substantial but supply
arrangements with flour mill of the region would ensure
smooth supplies. Other required items are yeast, ghee,
sugar, milk powder, edible colors, salt, flavors etc.
You must provide the Proper packaging system for moisture
Manufacturing process is simple and conventional. Mix wheat
flour along with other ingredients with water and prepare the
dough. keep it at a normal room temperature for about couple
of hours to allow proper fermentation. Then place it in biscuit
molding trays. Further place these trays in an oven for baking.
After baking, trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are
packed. Place these trays in an oven for baking. After baking,
trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are packed.
Process Flow Chart: Making the dough
by mixing the ingredients → Process of fermentation → Giving the shape → Baking the raw
biscuit → Testing → Packaging.
You must have some innovative biscuit making recipe to get
the long-term success in this business. In addition, you can
source the manufacturing technology from the Government
Machines: The machinery required for
biscuit making are dough mixer, rotary molder, cutter, laminator,
biscuit baking oven, cooling conveyor, oil sprayer, biscuit
sandwiching machine. Purchase sealing and wrapping machines
for packaging purpose.
Learning Resource: A book is the best resource and guide to
address this it covers various aspects related to different
bakery products with their manufacturing process and also
provides contact details of raw material, plant and machinery
suppliers with equipment photographs and their technical
This book caters a wide variety of bakery products. These are
wheat ingredients, other grain ingredients, shortenings,
emulsifiers, antioxidants, water and salt, different types
of bread and biscuits.
It provides information about cakes, buns, icings, production
of cookie and cracker, spices, flavors, colors, leavened and
unleavened products, air-leavened products, chemically leavened
bread and rolls, Yeast-leavened plain bread, rolls, dough,
preservation of bakery products, milk and egg ingredients,
fruits, vegetables, nuts and many more.