Jam Making, Small Business:
Jam making is simply a profitable business, this business as a small
scale with low capital investment. You can start the business at your
home also. You can produce jam from almost every type of fruit and
some vegetables. Fruit jam contains rich fruit pulp and available in
mango, apple, mixed fruit, pineapple and orange flavors. Jelly is a
clear, mixture made from fruit juice, sugar and sometimes pectin.
Domestic households, restaurants are the major consumers these items.
jam as the bread spread and as a filling for some cakes and cookies.
Business Registration: Register business first. There are
four options such as OPC, LLP, Pvt. Ltd and Ltd. Co. Obtain Trade License.
Apply for FSSAI License. You can register your business as SSI Unit.
Jam Making Ingredients: The major raw materials for the production
of mixed fruit jam & jelly, marmalade and different fruits and
vegetables. These are orange, guava, pineapple, papaya, jackfruit
and banana. The consumables are sugar, preservatives, citric acid,
food grade colors, chemicals, pectin, flavors, common salt etc.
Procure the packaging consumables. Pack the product glass bottle
or jars, finally in cartons.
Machines & Equipment: You will need to have the following machinery.
Pulpier, Juice Extractor, Grinder, Slicer, Mixer, Cap Sealing Machine,
Bottle Washing Machine and Carton Sealing Machine. From this type of
unit, you can expect 30 tons production output per year on 2 shift
working and 300 working days.
In large scale production unit you will need to establish a fully
automatic production unit. Procure some other equipment and tools,
includes weighing scale, glassware, working tables, canteen burners,
stainless steel utensils, hand-gloves, cutters and graters, storage
racks etc. Have Testing equipment like jell meter, refract meter etc.
Jam Making Process:
Wash the fruits in water and remove the skins. After peeling, cut or
slice them into small pieces. Then, boil these pieces with water. Add
an appropriate quantity of sugar with the pulp. When the temperature
is around 60 C; citric acid, color, essence etc. are added. This mixture
is then stirred for a while, cooled and then packed in bottles.
The process flow chart is: Washing, peeling and slicing of
fruits → Boiling → Mixing of sugar with pulp → Cooling → Packing.
Learning Resource For Jam Making: Start a Jam making business,
then you must have indepth knowledge about several aspects. These
are ingredients, recipe, production process, packaging etc. If
you are an absolute beginner then a book is the most valuable resource.