Quality seed production which follows efficient certification procedures. Seeds
with good germination capacity and seed vigor are considered as quality seeds.
Considerable technical skill and a number of rigid requirements must be fulfilled.
Seed multiplication involves two aspects, seed production, and Seed processing.
Improved practices and efficient weed, disease and pest control. Maintaining
optimum irrigation, fertilizer inputs, and some other specific operations are
required. Generally every state Govt. has the specific body for seed certification.
Certification process involves testing throughout the session.
Market Opportunity For Seed Production:
Seed is considered to be one of the most important parts of agriculture crop
production on which the use of others agri-inputs efficiency depends on.
Certified seeds are products can improve the return on investment; respond
to consumer demands for agricultural production, by increasing per unit seed
production and per hectare production.
High Growth Potential:
High growth potential in emerging markets and untapped regions, provide new growth
opportunities for market players in Seed Production. The growth of this market is
also driven by changing composition of diet and other industrial demand for the
crop produce, which is leading to commercial crop area expansion.
Business Plan: For cultivation, it requires
huge land. Careful field selection is mandatory for quality yield. Contract farming
is the best way to start when you do not have enough land of your own. Contract
farming is a by party agreement which is made between farmer and company. Contract
farming are that selected crops are grown by farmers under a buyback agreement.
Craft a financial planning with investment.
Seed Production Process: Includes three major
operations. Such as isolation, cultivation, and certification.
Isolation: Seed Production fields are carefully
isolated from other crops to prevent contamination from other varieties or crop kinds.
Isolation is essential to prevent pollination.
Rouging: Improved cultural practices must be
followed for raising a good seed crop. Derived dose of fertilizers and irrigation
water must be applied for high yields of seed.
Plant Protection: Protect the seed crop from
disease and pests.
Inspection: Govt. agency will inspect your field.
After passing the inspection and meeting you will receive an official crop certificate.
Harvesting: At the proper stage of maturity,
you must harvest the seed crop. It should be done with considerable care in order
to prevent the mechanical mixture from other crop seed or weed seeds.
Testing & Grading: Certified seed requires
separate storage to preserve unique genetic identities. The Govt. agency will
test and verify your seeds in an accredited lab for compliance with standards
for germination and physical purity. Seeds go through an intricate grading process.
The final step of certified seed production is labeled by variety name with
an officially certified seed tag.
Wishing you all the best,