Passionate about agriculture and having own land can start sunflower farming
business. Sunflower is a profitable crop in oil seed production, 90-115 days
to grow. Suitable to grow in rain fed conditions, ability to perform in climatic
and soil conditions.
Diseases on sunflower crop is also easily manageable with preventive and curative measures.
Study about Sunflower Farming: You must have
adequate knowledge about the crop and farming process. Gather knowledge from
sunflower farmer or you can attend workshop at Agriculture University. In India,
you may also contact to your district agriculture officer to get information
about seed, technology etc.
Sunflower Farming Plan: First fix the land area.
Calculate the expenses of seed, nutrients, fertilizer, pesticides and labor costs.
Calculate post harvesting cost storage, bagging etc. Contact the potential buyer
in your locality. Find out best one, you will supply the seed. Estimate the
Budget From beginning to end.
Ideal Soil for Sunflower Farming: Sunflowers
are best adapted to moderate to well-drained soil types, such as loams and “sandy”
soils, Sunflowers do not tolerate prolonged wet conditions and should not be
planted on low-lying flood-prone sites.
Fix the Seed variety: Select the right sunflower
hybrid seed, income is depends on grain and oil yields. So many brands are available
in the market. Need to select high yield hybrids with high oil percentage and has
the tolerance to biotic stresses.
Supplies for Sunflower Farming: Concentrate
on fertilizer and nutrients micro and secondary. Soil tests classify the soil’s
ability to supply nutrients as very low (VL), low (L), medium (M), high (H) or
very high (VH). Fertilizer recommendations are based on the level of available
nutrients and a realistic yield goal. Application of phosphorus, potash and
micro nutrients like sulfur and boron is important in sunflower farming.
Disease Management: Pests and diseases in
sunflower farming, preventive sprays of pesticides before the first 50 days,
prevent attack by Helotes and infestation of Alter aria. Sucking pests with
timely spray of systematic insecticide in the first 40 days. Follow local
agricultural universities regarding pest and disease management.
Harvesting: Harvest too early end up with
an immature, high-moisture crop, pre disposed to diminished yield, lower quality.
Harvest too late, and you will expose the crop to weathering that degrades seed
quality,lowers economic value, seed yield losses from lodging,
shattering and pests.
Post Harvesting: Cleaning sunflower
before putting it in storage to maintain quality. Dry sunflower seeds before
storage, if it is harvested wetter than 10%. Monitor the moisture and temperature
of seed in storage. Supply the seeds in fresh condition to the buyer. Export
opportunity also there. Get registered with "Indian Oilseeds and
Produce Export Promotion Council".
Wishing you all the best,